幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏

概述

作用機理

種類及其功能

不妥分類及其不良后果

相關資料

生產企業

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電鍍添加劑概述

dianduyetongchangshiyouyudujinshuyan(zhuyan)heluoheji、daodianyan、suanjiandu(phzhi)diaozhengyandengfuzhujizuchengde。diandujishufazhandaodangdai,yishangchengfenxianzaizhinengshuoshidianduyedejichuchengfenhuojiaojichuye,yigewanzhengdediandupeifanghuanbixuyougezhongxintianjiadechengfen,zhexiechengfendeyonglianghenshao,danzuoyongquefeichangda,henduodianduyeruguomeiyouzhexiechengfendejiaru,genbenjiubukenengduchuhegeheyoujiazhideduceng。zhexiegezhongtianjiadaoducaozhongdehuaxuewuzhibeitongchengweidiandutianjiaji。 diandutianjiajidatishangkefenweiwujitianjiajiheyoujitianjiajiliangdalei,xianzaijibenshangyijingshiyiyoujitianjiajiweizhu。xifenqilaikeyifenweiguangliangji、fuzhuguangliangji、jiejingxihuaji、rouruanji、zouweijideng。

電鍍添加劑的作用機理

jinshudedianchenjiguochengshifenbujinxingde:shouxianshidianhuoxingwuzhiliziqianyizhiyinjifujindewaihemuhuoziceng,jinxingdianxifu,ranhou,yinjidianhechuandizhidianjishangxifudebufenqurongjihualizihuojiandanlizi,xingchengxifuyuanzi,zuihou,xifuyuanzizaidianjibiaomianshangqianyi,zhidaobingrujingge。shangshudediyigeguochengdouchanshengyidingdeguodianwei(fenbieweiqianyiguodianwei、huohuaguodianweihedianjiejingguodianwei)。zhiyouzaiyidingdeguodianweixia,jinshudedianchenjiguochengcaijuyouzugougaodejinglichenghesulv、zhongdengdianheqianyisulvjitizugougaodejiejingguodianwei,congerbaozhengducengpingzhengzhimiguangze、yujiticailiaojiehelaogu。erqiadangdediandutianjiajinenggoutigaojinshudianchenjideguodianwei,weiducengzhiliangtigongyoulidebaozhang。

1、kuosankongzhijili

zaidaduoshuqingkuangxia,tianjiajixiangyinjidekuosan(erbushijinshulizidekuosan)juedingzhujinshudedianchenjisulv。zheshiyinweijinshulizidenongduyibanweitianjiajinongdude100~105bei,duijinshulizieryan,dianjifanyingdedianliumiduyuanyuandiyuqijixiandianliumidu。 zaitianjiajikuosankongzhiqingkuangxia,daduoshutianjiajilizikuosanbingxifuzaidianjibiaomianzhanglijiaodadetutuchu、huoxingbuweijiteshudejingmianshang,zhishidianjibiaomianxifuyuanziqianyidaodianjibiaomianaoxianchubingjinrujingge,congerqidaozhengpingguangliangzuoyong。

2、feikuosankongzhijili

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏genjudianduzhongzhantongzhidiweidefeikuosanyinsu,kejiangtianjiajidefeikuosankongzhijilifenweidianxifujili、luohewushengchengjili(baokuoliziqiaojili)、liziduijili、gaibianhemuhuozidianweijili、gaibiandianjibiaomianzhanglijilidengduozhong。 diandutianjiajizaidianchangzuoyongxiajibendoucanyuledianjiguocheng,duijinshudedianjiejingguochengyouzhuzheyangneiyangdeyingxiang。diandutianjiajigenjuqibenshendehuaxuexingzhihejiegou,kefenweiwujitianjiajiheyoujitianjiajiliangdalei,xianzaiyiyoujitianjiajiweizhu。duiyuwujitianjiaji,tebieshigezhongjinshuyanlei,youyushidianxingdejinshuyanglizi,zaiyinjishangyaocanyudianhuaxuehuanyuan,congercanyudianjiejingguocheng,yingxiangducengdejiejingjiegouhuoxingchengweihejinzhuangtai,zuizhonggaishanducengdexingneng,biruyingdu、guangliangdudeng。wujitianjiajiyujinshuducengdegongchenjibuwanquanshihejinhuadezuoyong,youshishiyingxiangdianweibianhuahejiejinghedexingcheng。xianran,dangyinqijihuazengjiahuochenghezengjiashi,jiunengqidaoxihuaducengdezuoyong。duiyuyoujitianjiajizaidianduguochengdezuoyongjili,youzhuduozhonglilunhejiashuo,xianzaibijiaopubianjieshoudebiaomianxifushuo。yejiuyoujitianjiajixifuzaidianjibiaomian,duijinshulizidehuanyuanqidaozuzhidetongshi,shidejinshujiejingdechengheshuzengjiaerchengchangsudujianhuan,zheyangshijiejingxihuabingdadaoguangliangdexiaoguo。tianjialeyoujitianjiajideduyedejinshuhuanyuandianjidianweidouhuiyoubutongchengdudefuyi,shijinshuhuanyuanguochengshoudaoyidingchengduyizhidezhengming。suizhudiandutianjiajizhongjiantijishudejinbu,duiyubutongjituanzaidianjibiaomiandexingweideyanjiuyejinyibushenru,faxiandiandutianjiajigenjuqizuoyongjibenshangkeyifenweilianglei,bingqiedouhanyoububaohejian。yileijiaochujiguangliangji,lingyileijiaocijiguangliangji,danshizhezhongzuoyongbushijueduide,dangyuzhipeiwudetianjiajichengfenfashenggaibianshi,tamendezuoyongyexiangyingfashengbianhua。yanjiubiaoming,youjitianjiajizaibiaomianxifudetongshi,yehuicanyudianjidefanyingerhuanyuan,zhejiushiyoujitianjiajidefenjie,fenjiedechanwuyibufenjinruduceng,shiducengdeyingduzengjia,chuxianmouzhongneiyingli,yibufenjinruduye,chengweiyoujizazhi。youyubutongfenjiechanwuduiducengjiejingyingxiangdefangshibutong,suochanshengdeyinglifangxiangyeyousuobutong,zhengshizhezhongbutongshidekeyiyongbutongdetianjiajixiaochusuochanshengdeneiyingli。

電鍍添加劑的種類及其功能

angongnengfenlei,diandutianjiajikefenweiluoheji、guangliangji、biaomianhuoxingji、zhengpingji、yinglixiaochuji、chuzajiherunshijideng,qizhongzuizhongyaodeshiguangliangjihebiaomianhuoxingji。butonggongnengdetianjiajiyibanjuyoubutongdejiegoutedianhezuoyongjili,danduogongnengdetianjiajiyejiaochangjian,lirutangjingjikezuoweidunieguangliangji。youshichangyongdeyinglixiaochuji:bingqiebutonggongnengdetianjiajiyeyoukenengzunxuntongyizuoyongjili.

guangliangji

電鍍過程中,加入添加劑后可得到細致光亮的鍍層。這種添加劑稱光亮劑。光亮劑可分為以下三類:(1)有明顯表面活性的光亮劑:如十二醇硫酸醋鈉(K—l2),十六烷基三甲基甜菜堿(Am);聚氧乙烯(n)十二醇醚(n=15~20):聚氧乙烯(n)壬基酚醚(n=lO或21);聚氧乙烯((n)蓖麻油:聚氧乙烯(n)二癸撐三胺(N)有表面活性的光亮劑:它有表面活性但不明顯,其溶液不能形成膠團,不能稱為表面活性劑,可稱表面活性物質。如丙烯磺酸鈉、低級膠與環氧氯丙烷縮合物、二甲氨基丙胺與環氧氮丙烷的縮合物、苯基聚二硫丙撐磺酸鈉、炔醇、炔二醇及其環氧乙烷(環氧丙烷)加成物。無表面活性光亮劑:這類光亮劑,沒有表面活性。但卻是非常重要的光亮劑。其代表品種為芐叉丙酮。繆娟 等人,以OP一10為載體光亮劑,芐叉丙酮為主光亮劑,并加入適量輔助光亮劑,得到一種Zn-Mn合金電鍍的添加劑zM。

biaomianhuoxingji

juguowaiziliaojieshao:zaidianduxingyezhongchangyongbiaomianhuoxingjibo you:huposuanerxinkuhuangsuannaxi(aeroso1):zhifangchunliusuancuyanxilie(dupono1);zhilianzhifangchunliusuan zhiyanxilie(tergito1);wanjifangjihuangsuanyanxilie(naccono1):wanjinaihuangsuanyanxilie(alkano1):wanjifangjifenmiliusuanzhiyanxilie(tri ton 720);zhifangchunjuyangyiximixilie(tri—ton ne):renjifenjuyangyiximixilie(tri tonn)。

表面活性劑按電鍍液種類所用表面活性劑有:鍍鋅液用:鍍鋅占金屬總鍍量的50環左右。鍍鋅工藝分堿性鋅酸鹽、堿性氰化物、酸性氯化按、酸性氯化鉀鍍鋅等。在酸性氯化銨鍍液中,加入平平加SA一20,0—20等與芐叉丙酮復

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏peikeshoudaolianghaoguangliangxiaoguo。jiarujuyangyixi(20)renjifenmi,xinxichudejihuazuoyongzuida,dianduxiaoguoyezuihao。huangyongli dengrenyanfaleyizhongeayi2tianjiaji,zhezhongtianjiajishijiangopheanleihuahewuafenbiecaiyongchunleihuahewuhezhengliushuirongjie,ranhouanbilitourenfanyingfu,jiareshengwenzhi60~-70℃,bingjiaobanjunyunranhoudijiamouhuahewub,bianjiaobanbianshengwenzhi85~95℃hengwenfanying0.5 hhou,lengzhishiwen,zaijiarubenjiasuanna。jiaobanjunyunhoujidetianjiajieayi2。jieguobiaoming:caiyonggaitianjiajideduxindianjieyedefensannenglihefugainenglilianghao。zhengpingnengliqiang,duyewending。suohuodedexinducengneiyinglixiao、yujitidejietainengliqiang、ducengbiaomianhuzhengzhimi、yinbaiseguangliang。

dutongyeyong:duigaosuduqinghuatongdianduye,jiarujuyangyixi(n)yingzhisuanku;o~seyi10huoseyi20dengjunkeshoudaolianghaodeguangliangxiaoguo。erjuyangyixiyouchunmi、juyangyixi(n)renjifenmiduifangzhidianduaohenhezhenkongmadianyouxiaoguo。zailiusuantongdianduyezhongjiarushierchunliusuanzhina、shentouji-ozjunhuibiantongdianjichenjiguochengzhongjianshaojihuaxiaoguohecujintonglizihuanyuanweitongdelianghaozuoyong。jubaodaoyouyizhongdiandutongdianjieyeshiyongyuweimiheyaweimikongfengdejinshuhuachuli。gaidianjieyeyouzhishaoyizhongwanjihuangsuandetongyanhezhishaoyizhongyoulidewanjihuangsuanzucheng,keyijiaodideyoulisuannongduxiagongzuo,qiyoulisuandenongdubixianxingdezuijiahuadeliusuantongdianjieyedeyoulisuannongduhuanyaodi,gaiduyebiliusuantongduyesuoxudetianjiajiliangshao,danshikeyidedaogengpinghuadeduceng,rongyedejiemianzhanglijiaodi,tongdedianweiyebiliusuantongduyezhongtongdedianweigengzheng,keyizaijiaogaodephzhixiacaozuorengrannenghuodegongyeshangshiyongdetongduceng。

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏dunieyeyong:dunieyezhongyibanshiyongyoumingxianheyoubiaomianhuoxingdeguangliangji。qianyileiguangliangjitongchangshiyonggezhongfangxiangzuhuangsuanyanlei。tadezuoyongyiaohenfangzhixiaoguogengweimingxian。jiaruk~12,keshiduyebiaomianqianglijiangzhi30-35dayin/cmshidianduzhongzaidianjishangchanshengdeqingqipaoyiyuyisanshoudaofangaohenxiaoguo。zaijiatangjingdeguangzedunieyezhong,jiarukyi12takeyixingchengjiaotuanqidaohouyileiguangliangjizuoyong。duxiyeyong:zailiusuanyaxidianduyezhongjiarumujiaoyouzuoguangliangji,yixinchunliusuancuyanweifensanjiyiguangfanshiyong。yongjiaquanhelinjiabenansuohewuzuoguangliangji,yixinchunliusuancuyanzuofensanjizaijiaobantiaojianxiadedaoduidianducengguangliangduhaodeduxiye。gaiyechengtribriteduxiye。tongleiguangliangduxiyehuanyoufaguobri l lanteur200ye、deguodestanostaryeheribendetufeishidengyanzhideduxiye。tufeishidengyanzhideduxiye,yeshiyijiaquanhelinjiabenandesuohewuzuoguangliangji。yongrenjifenjuyangyiximi(nppoe)huoyixinfenjuyangyixi(iopoe)zuofensanji,chenggongdidedaobuxuyaojinxingyudianjiedeguangliangduxiye。zailvhuajia“ suanxingduxin、duyezhongfenbiejiarubaipeidetongyongtianjiajisuanxingduxi、zhuangshixingsn-znhejindaiyinjunnengdedaojiejingxizhi、haodezhuangshixingguangliangduceng.dugeyeyong:dugetongchangcaiyonggaonongdugesuanye(cro。25g/l,h2sot,2.5g/l),yibanbubishiyongbiaomianhuoxingjizuoguangliangjihuoaohenfangzhiji。

runshiji

duidianduyongrunshijidezuijibenyaoqiu:jiaohaodijiangdidianjiyuduyejiemianjiandejiemianzhangli:shiduyeyiyuzaidianjibiaomianpuzhanyidadaoyundumude:duiduyeyaoyouyidingdekangyan、kangsuanjianhekangwenxingdeng。changyongrunshijiyou:yinlizixingyoushierchunliusuancunayan(k-12)、wupaorunshiji26 1(2yiyijijichunliusuancuna)、shentoujiyi0thuposuanerxinzhihuangsuanna),lasheaesdeng。feilizixingyou:shentoujijfc,op-7deng。guowaizuiweichangyongderunshijiyouhuposuanshuangzhihuangsuannahelinsuanshuangzhinayan。runshijishierwanjihuangsuanna… dehanliangduiducengwaiguanyouyidingdeyingxiang,danghejinduyehanyoushiliangdeshierwanjihuangsuannashi,hejinducengbiaomianpingzheng、guangliang:danghejinduyezhongbuhanshierwanjihuangsuannashi,hejinducengbiaomianyoushihuiyouxiqingyinqidebaisetiaowen:danghanliangtaidishi,qibudaorunshijidezuoyong;danghanliangtaigaoshi,duyehunzhuohuochanshengdaliangxiweiqipao,fuzhuzaiyinjizhouwei。youcikejian,shierwanjihuangsuannanenggoutigaoduyederunshixing,dantazaiduyezhongdehanliangbuyichaoguo0.3 g/l。

chuyouji

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏jinshubiaomianchangfuyouyouwuheqitabujiewu,yingxiangdiandushijinshulizidechenji,yincidujianbixuchuyou、chuxiuyibaozhengdujianbiaomianyoulianghaoduceng。dong、zhiwuyouyouwukeyongjianxingyechulichuqu。jiyou、runhuayou、fanshilin、fangxiuyoudengkuangwuyouyouwu。keyongyoujirongjifa、huaxuefahedianhuaxuefachuyou。

youjirongjichuyou:

changyongderongjiyoumeiyou、qiyou、benleihelvdaijingdeng。shangshufangfajinguanxiaoguohenhao,danruozairongjizhongjiashaoliangyourongxingbiaomianhuoxingji(ruyousuanyusanyichunan、yourongxing0pruhuaji(0pyi4,0pyi7)、zhifangchunjuyangyiximi(aeo-3,aeo-7)、shishuishanlichunyousuancu(span-80)dengjunhuishoudaoshibangongbeidechuyouxiaoguo。youjirongjichuyoucunzaibuanquanxingheduxingyinhuan,chuyouchengbengao,nenghaodadengquedian,jinnianlaiyibeishuijixingquyoujisuodaiti。

biaomianhuoxingjichuyou:

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏tashiliyongbiaomianhuoxingjiduiyou/shuisuojuyouderuhuazuoyong,shiyoubeiruhuachengjunyunderuyeyidadaozaishuizhongderongjie。yongzuoshuijixingchuyoujideyoudanchunbiaomianhuoxingji:ruyinlizixinglas,aes。feilizixingop-io,aeo-9deng。fupeixingbiaomianhuoxingji:rulasyuaeo-9fupei、lasyuninol(ninaer)fupei。zhujiyubiaomianhuoxingjifupei:tashibiaomianhuoxingjiyuzhuxiji(sanjulinsuannaheguisuanyan)、xiushijidefupei。

zhengpingji

zhengpingjiyuguangliangjidezuoyongbutong,houzhedezhuyaozuoyongshitigaoducengdeguangliangdudanbuyidingnengtianpingjitibiaomianweiguandeaotubuping。erqianzhedezuoyongzhuyaoshitianpingjitideweiguanaotubupingdanbuyidingjuyoumingxiandeguangliangzuoyong。liru:qinghuaguangliangdutonggongyikeyihuodeguangliangdeducengdanbunengtianpingjitibiaomiancunzaidehuahen,erbanguangliangniediandugongyidedaodenieducengchengrubaise,meiyoumingxiandeguangliangdu,danducengbiaomianhenxizhijunyun,zaitadebiaomianjixudianduguangliangnie,qiliangdesuduhenkuai。yimeiguozhuanli“ biaoshizaisuanxingdutongrongyezhongshiyongyizhongzhengpingtianjiaji,keyitianchongdujianbiaomianyaweimijidefengxi,。keyizaixiashuhuahewuzhongxuanze:jubingxisuan、jubenyixi、juyixichun、juyixibigewantong、ju(4yibenyixihuangsuannajishundingxiersuan)gongjuwudeng。

電鍍添加劑的不妥分類及其不良后果

xiandaidiandulibukaigezhongzhuji,danduijihumeitianjiandaodezhujijinxingzhengquefenleiyumingming,queshiyigezhidejiayisisuodewenti。benwenjiugerenjingyanjiaoxunjisuojiansuowen,duichangjiandeyixiezhuji(baokuotianjiaji)debutuofenleijisuochanshengdebuliangyingxiang,chanshuyixiecuqiankanfa,gongtongxingcankaoyutaolun,xiwangzaibiaomianchulikejilingyunengchuxianbaijiazhengmingdelianghaofenwei。

liangnieguangliangjidefenleiwenti

liangnieguangliangjidezuchengjiqizuoyong

liangnieguangliangjijiuqizufenkefenwei3lei:chujiguangliangji、cijiguangliangjijifuzhuguangliangji。danjiachujiguangliangjizhinenghuodejiejingxizhidebanguangliangduceng,guangliangzhengpingxingdabudaoyaoqiu。zhijin,chujiguangliangjirengyitangjingnayanweizhu[zhenzhengdetangjing(linbenxianhuangxianyaan)jinweirongyushui,25°cshirongjie1gxu290mlshui,ruoyongfeishui,zexu25ml,bingbushiyong]。als(xibingjihuangsuanna)guoqubeishiweifuzhuguangliangji,danxianzaidunieguangliangjizhonghanliangdoujiaogao,liyingshiweizhongyaodechujiguangliangji。chujiguangliangjishiducengchanshengyayingli(shuzhangyingli),shiducengyoupengzhangxianxiang。cijiguangliangjidefazhanjiaokuai,xianyiyingyongdaodisidai,yibidingleiyanshengwu[rupps、pps–ohjibingguichunyanshengwu(rueryianjibingguiandep、bingguichunbingyangjihuahewupap)]weizhu。disandaidebe(dingguierchunyuhuanyanglvbingwansuohewu)jiqichunpinbmp(dingguierchunbingyangjihuahewu)hebeo(dingguierchunyiyangjihuahewu),yongliangshao,xiaohaoliangdi,beishiwei“changxiaoguangliangji”,xianhuanzaiyingyong。cijiguangliangjiyuchujiguangliangjipeibiqiadangshi,jukuaiqiguang、gaozhengpingdexiaoneng。cijiguangliangjishiducengchanshengzhangyingli(shousuoyingli),daozhiducengyishousuoerqipi。fuzhuguangliangjizhuyaoyongyutuokuandijkquguangliangfanweijiyanbitongdengzazhi,rups(guibingjihuangsuanyan)、atp(liuniaoyanshengwu)hesso3(bidingqianjibingwanhuangsuanyan)deng。

zuoweishiyongliangnieguangliangjidejibenchangshi,zhiyouchu、cijiguangliangjipeibiqiadangshi,cainengjiangducengneiyinglijiangzhizuidi,cishiliangniecengcuixingcaizuixiao。zhangyingliguoda,ducengyifacuiqipi,shenzhichengfenzhuangtuoluo;yayingliguoda,ducengyiqipao,tongyangcuixingzengda。duiciyingyoumingquerenshi。lveyouyayinglizuihao,yinducenglveweipengzhang,jiehelijiaohao。yezhiyouchu、cijiguangliangjipeibiqiadang,cainengzaikuanjkfanweineishixiankuaiqiguang、gaozhengpingdexiaoguo。

fenweiguangliangjiyurouruanjidebudangzhichu

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏xianshoupinguangliangjiduofenweiguangliangjiyurouruanjilianglei。rouruanjizhishuocongheerlai,yiwucongkaozheng。guangliangjizufenyicijiguangliangjiweizhu,errouruanjizeyichujiguangliangjijifuzhuguangliangjiweizhu,duoweihanliuwuzhi。bizherenweizheyangfenleiqiantuo,yuanyinshi:(1)jiangducengchanshengcuixingdeyuanyinjiandanhuale,yishirenwujieweizhiyouzhangyinglicaishiducengfacui。erjiaruchujiguangliangjichanshengyayinglidixiaocijiguangliangjichanshengdezhangyingli,ducengjiunengrouruanerwucuixing。raner,dangrouruanjijiaruguoliangshi,ducengyayingliguoda,tongyanghuifacui,cishibujiaguangliangjilaidixiaoguodadeyayingli,guangliangjiqibuyouchenglerouruanji?(2)hunxiaoleducengguangliangzhengpingdeyuanyin。lilunyushijianzhengming,zhiyoudangchu、cijiguangliangjipeibiqiadangshi,cainengshixiankuaiqiguang、gaozhengpingjikuandeguangliangzhengpingdianliumidufanwei。yinci,chujiguangliangjitongyangqizhuzhongyaodeguangliangzhengpingzuoyong,qixietongzuoyongbukehushi。huanyanzhi,rouruanjiyeshiyileiguangliangji,tongyangqiguangliangzhengpingzuoyong,erzhedegongnengbunengjieranhuafen。liangnieyezhongdepengsuanjirunshijiyeduiguangliangzhengpingxingyouzhongyaogongxian。shiyanfaxian,wurunshijihuoqizhiliangdilieshi,gaozhongjkquducenghuifahuiwu。pengsuanjicl–shaoshi,dijkquguangliangzhengpingxiao guobuliang。

fenweiguangliangjiyurouruanjideweihai

rujin,youlilunjichujifengfushijianjingyandeshengchanyixiangongyijishurenyuanshifenqueshao,lingbushaolaodiandugongzuozheshenweiyoulv。

dongjishudesirenlaobanyeweihuqiwei,youdechangshenzhiquanyilaizhujishengchanchangjiadeshouhoufuwuguorizi。 duidianduguangliangjidebujia,bushaorenlianheercaoshiyandoubu zuo,pingganjuehuowangwenshengyidiluanjia。liangniecengguangliangzhengpingbuzu shi,mengjiaguangliangji,zhiducengzhangyingliguodazaochengqipishenzhifen huatuoluoshi,caimengjiarouruanji,jieguodailaizhishaolianggewenti: qiyi,rouruanjiguoduoshi,ducengyayingliguoda,tongyangducengcui xingda,shenzhiqixiaopao;qier,rouruanjizhongduoweihanliuwuzhi, jiafuhuohuanyuanhoushiniecenghanliuliangzengdaeryidunhua,shenzhizaiqing xishuizhongcunfangshaojiu,taogeshiyindunhuaershendunengligengcha,zhi zhiqibaiban、huangban,bumingyuanyinshiyouquluandiaodugeye。zheshi bizhelvjianbuxiandedishuipingdianduchangyinguangliangjiyurouruanjizhifen erzaizhuangshiduzhongchangchudemaobing,yeshichanpinzhiliangbuwendingdezhu yaoyuanyin。yinci,bizheyiweifenweiguangliangjia、guangliangjibwei hao,bingzaichanpinshiyongshuomingshushangxiemingerzheyingruhebujiajibi lishidiaohoudeguzhangxianxiang。 bizhechangqizipeiliangnieguangliangji,binggongzuozaishengchandiyixian, guyoutiaojianbuduantongguoshengchanshijian,jianyandiaozhengguangliangjidepeifang peibi,zuizhongyanzhichuyizhongkaigangyubujia“erheyi”deliangnie guangliangji,shiyongqilaishifenfangbian。zhiyaobuduiduyedachuli, gaiguangliangjishiyongyiliangnianbilijibenbushidiao。zhijinyingyong4nian duole,xiaoguolingrenmanyi。

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏 suanxingliangtongguangliangjidefenleiwenti

suanxingliangtongwuyishizuiweichenggongdewuqingdutonggongyi,yingyong henguang,zaisuliaodiandushangshenzhibukehuoque,youbiyaoxiangxitaolun。

suantongguangliangjidefuzaxing

liusuanyanguangliangsuanxingdutongguangliangjideyanzhinandujishiyongyao qiuyuanbiliangnieguangliangjigao。jinzuodaogaozhongj kduliangjiaorongyi,dan zaichangqidashengchanzhong,yaobaozhengzaikuanj k、kuanwendufanweineihuode wanquanjingmian、wuhuiwuyoubufancaideducengqueshifenkunnan。 zhuyao yuanyinyouyixiafangmian:

(1) suantongguangliangjigezufenzhijianjiyuhanliangshenweiyoubuke huoquedecl – zhijiandexietongxiaoyingshifenzhongyao。guyigelianghaopeifang debilishishifenyangede,qizufenjianjuyouxianghuyingxiangzuoyong, zufendegezizuoyongnanyijieranhuafen。

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏(2) bushaozufenhanliangshenwei,rum(2-qiujibenbingmizuo)、 n(yichengliuniao)、cl – (lvlizi)junzaihaokejinei,shaoyou bianhua,zexingnengxiajiang。

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏(3) yuancailiaogongyingshanghenduo,danyongliangjixingnengxiangchahenda。 genghuanyizhongcailiao,xuduipeibijinxingdiaozheng。rubutongchangjiatigong demhuon,youdeyongliangda3beizhicha,gebiedeshenzhibunengyong; p(juyierchun)yongliangchuyufenziliangyouguanwai,yuzhiliangyeguanxi miqie,duoshuyilaijinkou,liezhipinshenzhishiducengqixiaopao。huang huamtuozhandij kquguangliangfanweibujim;zhijiezhufeirongjiedexiao guoyoubijiajianzhurongdehao;peiyenongdudayu0.5mg/l,youyi jiejingxichu。duiduozhongjinkouranliaodeshiyanjieguobiaoming,youdebu nengyong,youdepeizhichudeguangliangjicunfangbanyuehoujiubianzhishixiao。

(4) hennanjiangudashengchanduiduozhongxingnengzhibiaodegaoyaoqiu。

rugaoranliaoxingzai20~28°cshi,dij kquducengguangliangzhengpingxing hao,shiyongyufuzajian,danqizuigaoyunxuyewenjin32°czuoyou。 guduiqiduyejiyaoshejiareyeyaoshelengdongshebei,yibanzhongxiaoqi yebujubeicitiaojian,yinweichengbengao,youbuhaoyong。

gaoranliaoxingguangliangjidefenlei

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏jinkoudesuantongguangliangjiyibanfenweimu(kaigangji)hea、 bliangzhong。danyouderenjiangbugeijiachengweitianpingji,bchengweiguang zeji,zheshibutuode。yinweizhibujiaguangzejierqueshaotianpingji, guangliangxingrengbuhao(yaodajingmianxiaoguo,jiyaozhengpinghaoyouyaohenguang liang);zhibujiatianpingjierqueshaoguangliangji,gaozhongj kqurengnanda jingmianguangliang,qieducengyifawu,fancai,tebieshiyewenjiaodishi。 zuihaochengweibujiajia、bujiajib。shiyongzhongyingtongguoheercao shiyanquedingerzhezuijiabugeiliang,yimianwangwenshengyi,pingganjueluan jia,daozhidij kquducengfaanhei(caiyongdeguoyuanzhuangdeshengchanye shiyanshifaxianzheyiguzhang,dianjiexiaohaohounengbuanhei,dandij k quzhengpingxingyouxiajiang)。

di、weiranliaoxingbujiajidefenlei

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏youyugaoranliaoxingcunzaidezhuruzuijiayewenfanweizhai、yinran liaoyanxiyujuchenershiducengyiqimashadengguyouquexian,guoneiyi xiexuezhezhuzhangkaifadij kquguangliangzhengpingxinghaodewuranliaoxing,dan nanduda,zhijinwuchenggonggongyiwenshi。zuoweiguodu,chuxianleyi xiedi、weiranliaogongyi。zheleigongyibiranshim、n、sphep degailiangxing,yuqizhongjiarudiquzouweiwuyushaoliangyouzhiranliao。

fenweieryexingdewenti

youjiangsuantongweiranliaoxingfenweikaigangyubujiaeryexingshangpin de。xianran,zaibujiajizhongbirantongshicunzaipeibidingedem、 n、sp、p、diquzouweijiyuranliao。bujiajizhiyongyizhong,cun zairuxiawenti(duonianzipeigaitixideshijiantihui):myun zaibutongyewenxiadexiaohaosulvxiangchahenda。yewengaoshi,mxiao haosulvyuandayun;eryewendiyu15°cshi,xiaohaosulvxiangjin, shenzhinlvedayum。guzaidashengchanshi,yingjishiweidiao,xiatian shenzhixuliangtiandiaoyici。shiyandiaozhengpinfanqiexujuxiangdangjingyan, fouzejueduiyongbuhaom、n、sp、ptixi。ruobujiajijinyizhong, xinpeiyexiaoguokenengyehenhao(bijingchanpintuichuqianzaishiyanshihui duixinpeiyezuoshiyan,dechulianghaopeifang),dandashengchanshiyongyi duanshijian,bilishidiaobiranzaochengxiaoguobiancha,erduigaitixique fashenrulejiederenwufazidiao。yiyishilishuoming:mouchangcaiyong guoneimoudagongsigaileichanpinyiduanshijian,xiaoguobiancha。bizhequ yezaii=2axia,yuheercaojiaobanshiyan,shipiandiduanjin2cm buliangqiecekanfanhong,gaozhongj kquliangdushangkedannandajingmian。ping duonianjingyan,xiandandubujiam,youhendahaozhuan,zaibushaoliangn qiezaitongyangtiaojianxiadiandu,budandiququanguangliang,gaozhongj kquli jichengjingmianguangliang。kejianguzhangyezhongbiliyishidiao:mguoshao、 nlveshao,erspyupshanggou。

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏 fenweigaoweijiyudiweijidewenti

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏yourenjiangweiranliaoxingsuantongguangliangjifenweigaoweijiyudiwei ji。bizherenwei,rucifenleizhishaocunzailianggewenti:yi、que shaospyup,dij kquguangliangzhengpingxingbuliang,erqueshaom、nze gao、zhongj kqurengnandawanquanjingmianguangliang;er、diweijizhongruojiang m、nanyidingbilihunhe,biranhuichuxianruqiansuoshudeerye xingkaishihaoyongdanmyunbilishidiaohouxiaoguobianchadewenti。 shunbiantiji,shiyongdiquzouweiwuzhiyingxiaoxinweimiao。bizhe yiqianjiuduigiss(juyixiyaanwanjihuahewu)yuaess(zhi fanganyiyangjihuanghuawu)zuoguoduibishiyanbingzhuanwentaolunguo:giss yongliangjinaessyiban,danhuijiangdiducengzhengpingxing(yuanyinshidi xiaolespdezuoyong),erzhejiaruguoduo,ducengtebieshiyewengao shidedij kquyifahuiwu。jinlaidui“gaowenzaiti”pn(juyi xiyaanwanjiyan)shenrushiyanhou,faxianlianggexianxiang:qiyi, pntongyangjiangdiducengdij kqudezhengpingxing;qier,zaigaochunpn shuirongyezhong,wulunjiasuanhuojiajian,rongyejunfabaihunzhuo。erhan ranliaodeguangliangjiyoubixuyongliusuanhuobingcusuandiaozhisuanxing,fouze zaiguangliangjizhongranliaoyixichuchendi(gujiduoweijianxingranliao)。 gupnnengfouyuranliaogongcunyuguangliangjizhong,shangyoudaishiyanyanjiu。 zongshangsuoshu,diranliao、weiranliaoxingyingfenweikaigangjimu、 bujiajiahebujiajib,qiezuihaojiangmyunfenbiefangzaia yubzhong,bianyudashengchanzhongdiaozhengqibili。yanzhisuantongguangliangji yingyushengchanjingyanxiangjiehe,weijingjiaochangshijianzhongshideshiyanshichan wu,buyaoqingyituixiangshichang,fouzezizhaomafan。

liusuanyanguangliangduxitianjiajidefenlei

幸运时代爆奖大赢家棋牌游戏liusuanyanguangliangduxiguangliangjitongchangfenweikaigangyubujialiangzhong (russ-820、ss-821deng)。kaigangjizhonghanyoujiaoduodeerjia xiwendingji,yijianruoqiyanghuaweisijiaxizuizhongchengweibukenizhuan derubaiseβ–xisuandeqingxiang,danzhuguangjihanliangjiaodi;buchongji zhongzehanyoujiaoduozhuguangjiyufuzhuguangliangji。 zhuguangjiduoweixiachabingtonghuoqiyuxifujianleihunyong。erfu zhuguangliangjixianrengduocaiyongjiaquan。suiyourenrenweijiaquanyouduerkai fachuqitidaipin,danxiaoguorengbujijiaquan。bizherenwei,diandu suoyonghuagongcailiao,jueduiduirentiwuhaidewuzhifeichangshao,zhiyou judu、gaoduyudiduzhifen。guoqurenweiwududelv,xianjinshi pinzhongrengyouyangexianzhi;shiruguoduona + duirentiyeyouhai,lianshi yanyebuyiduosheru。ruoliandiduwudoubunengyong,zedianduzhege xingyegaibeiqudile。wanbukecaomujiebing。 xuyaotaolundeshijiaquanzaiguangliangjizhongdehanliangwenti。bizhe duonianzipeisuanxiguangliangji,jieguofaxian,yewendiyu15°czuoyou shi,jiaquanguangliangzuoyongmingxian;eryewenjiaogaoshi,feidanwuzuoyong fanerjiazhongducenghuiwuchengdu,shihanjiexingbiancha。guzaizipeide guangliangjizhongbujiajiaquan,ranhoutongguoheercaoshiyanquedinggaibugai jiajijiaduoshao。ruobuchongjizhongjiaquanbilidingsi,zeguangliangjide gaowenxingnengbichawuyi。bizhesuoyongsuanxi,yewenda35°cshi, feidanbuhuiwufanerfeichangguangliang。ruhebimianbiaomianhuoxingjijilei guoduoyoushiducengbuyihuiwu,cichubuzuotaolun。

yinci,jianyibuchongjifenweidiwenxingyugaowenxinglianglei,qian zhekeshiliangjiarujiaquanerhouzhebujia,yiliyuzaikuanwendufanwei neishixianbuhuiwudeguangliangchenji。

wuqingjiantongchengpinnongsuoyedewenti

yourenjiangjinkoudewuqingjiantongnongsuoyeyongyuxinyazhujiandedian dushang,kaishishangkeyong,yiduanshijianhoujiuchanshengzhihuantongxianxiang, qieyuelaiyueyanzhong。wentichuzainali?bizherenwei:(1)wuqingjian tongduxinyazhujianbidugangtiejianyaoqiugenggao。yinxindedianweibitie gengfu,yutongdedianweichagengda,gugengyichanshengzhihuantong。shiyan zaigangtiejianshangbuchanshengzhihuantongdegongyi,zaixinyazhujianhuoduxin jianshangquefashengzhihuantong。yinci,xucaiyongduicu 2+ youhenqiangpeiwei nenglidefuheaoheji,yibianjiangcu 2+ dehuodujiangdehendi,dan zheyouzaochengj kgengxiao。suiranjiarushiliangdexiaosuanjianengkuodaj k, danyin no3 ? huicujingangtiejiandunhuaerbuliyuxiqingdianjiehuohua, eryingxianggangtiejianduwuqingjiantongdejieheli,guduliangzhongcaizhiying caiyongbutongdegongyi(xinburutieyidunhua)。(2)youyunongsuoye weidanyixing,gusuizhushiyongshijiandezengjia,aohejihuibuduandai chusunhao,ercu 2+ ketongguoyangjirongjiebuchong。yinci,jishibu jianongsuoye,peihebiyehuibuduanjianxiao,zuizhongfashengzhihuantongxian xiang。dangran,phguodi,peiweinengliruo,yehuichuwenti。 yinci,wuqingjiantongzuoweishangpinnongsuoye,buyizhizhichengyizhong, zhishaohuanyingyouyizhongzhihanaohejierbuhancu 2+ bingnengdiaojieph debujiaji。dangduyeshendunenglichahuogongjianbiaomianlvechanshengzhihuan tongshi,shiyanbujia,shipeihebizaiyunxudefanweineibodong。fou ze,jibianshiyongyugangtiejiandediandugongyi,chizaoyehuichuwenti。

jieyu qitabushaozhujiyecunzaifenleibutuodewenti,cichubuzai zhuishu。duidianduzhujiyingdangzhengquefenleiyumingming,dangfenzefen。 zheshibizhedegerenzhuojian。

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